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TMA 29

The central Italian platform villa: a case study in the Pontine region

Tymon de Haas

The author discusses the state of knowledge on the so-called platform villa, a rural site type characterized by a building platform contained by polygonal walls. Platform villas are found throughout central Italy and are generally related to agricultural developments from the fourth century BC onwards. Detailed studies, however, are lacking so far. An intensive site survey carried out in the summer of 2002 re-mapped and sampled eleven of such sites in the Pontine area near the Roman colonies of Cora, Norba and Setia (South Latium). The survey-data on the one hand support existing ideas on the layout of the platform villa and, on the other hand, complement the general view of settlement history in the foothills of the Monte Lepini.

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A contemporary vision on ecstatic maenadism

Vanessa Declerc

Thanks to the charismatic character of Dionysos, this god inspired several artists, philosophers and classicists since Antiquity. But one of the most fascinating dimensions of Dionysiac cult, ecstatic maenadism, earned less attention. The author tries to unveil this intriguing element of Dionysiac cult by tracing the Greek women’s motive of participating in this cult by drawing a parallel with current shamanistic cults all over the world. Today’s medical progress supports her thesis that maenadism can be explained as a continuous mental therapy for women owing to their marginal position in classical Greek society.

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Write and Rewrite: The Role of Ptolemaios in the History of King Antiochos I of Kommagene

Marlies Schipperheijn

The history of Hellenistic Kommagene is still partly unknown. This article focuses on the gouvernor Ptolemaios mentioned in Diodorus, who claimed kingship in 163 BC. His ancestry is unknown as well as his relationship with the later Kommagenian kings. According to the ancestrial reliefs on the Nemrud Da, he was the great-grandfather of the Kommagenian king Antiochos I. Using Hobsbawm and Rangers’ theory of “invented traditions”, the author seeks to explain that this is a myth invented by king Antiochos himself.

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Ethniciteit op de plaats van urbanisatie

Ed.Ch.L. van der Vliet

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TMA 30 – Egyptische archeologie

‘I came back with 300 Donkeys?’. New data on Egyptian expansion into the Western Desert during the Old Kingdom

Olaf E. Kaper

The article aims at providing an overview of the current state of our knowledge regarding the Egyptian presence in the Western Desert during the Old Kingdom. A number of recent archaeological discoveries have contributed to a revision of previous ideas. The Egyptians came to the deserts in the Fourth Dynasty with the aim of discovering mineral wealth, and they seem to have left behind a lasting presence in the Dakleh Oasis, where gouvernors ruled over a group of Egyptian villages up to the end of the Sixth Dynasty. The Dakleh Oasis must have served as a base-camp in the long-distance trade with Nubia and unknown destinations in the west. The practicalities of donkey travel are also considered.

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The Hieroglyphs of Sennedjem. A Palaeographical Study of a Tomb at Deir el-Medina

Ben J.J. Haring

The tomb of Sennedjem (TT 1) at Deir el-Medina is a splendid example of decorated private tombs of the necropolis workmen of the early Nineteenth Dynasty (ca. 1290-1240 BC). As such it has been selected as one of the sources for the research program on hieroglyphic palaeography by the French Archaeological Institute in Cairo (IFAO). Palaeographical analysis of inscriptions in the tomb chamber, concentrating on the exact form and the orientation of the signs, reveals many peculiarities of the hieroglyphic writing system and of its use by the painter who was responsible for the decoration of TT 1.

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The Reuse of Ancient Egyptian Temples in Late Antiquity. A Regional Study.

Jitse H.F. Dijkstra

Temple conversion is a commonly used term to denote the re-use of a temple as a church. This term fits well into the concept of a Christian ‘triumph’ over paganism, which would have been achieved above all at the end of the fourth and the beginning of the fifth century AD. A study of several cases of re-use of temples in the Cataract region, including the temple island Philae, Elephantine and Syene (modern Aswan), indicates that this is a simplified picture of a more complex development. The temples in the Cataract area were only exceptionally re-used as churches; more often, economical and practical considerations were at stake. The examples show that the sacred landscape changed only gradually, but most dramatically in the sixth century, when new purposes were found for several temples which would have stood empty for a considerable time.

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Cleaning Debris in al-Qasr with Unexpected Consequences. Preliminary Results of an ‘Emergency Excavation’ in an Islamic Town in the Dakleh Oasis

Fred Leemhuis

During clearance activities in the connection with the restoration of an early 18th-century mud brick house in al-Qasr in the Dakleh Oasis (Western Desert) a considerable number of objects and documents have been found. The documents, a.o. dated letters and contracts, shed new light on the pre-modern history of this little Islamic town. Two soundings show at least two levels of occupation below the present one. The first level below the present one appears to show a different street pattern, The find of a Fatimid sandja at the lowest level in connection with mediaeval Arabic geographical data appears to attest the relative importance of al-Qasr in the eleventh century AD.

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