Van travertijnmeertjes naar zoutbronnen en harde kaas. De ontwikkeling van prehistorische pastorale systemen in de Umbro-Marchigiaanse Apennijnen (Italië)
Wieke de Neef
This article presents new research on pre-Roman mobility in the Umbro-Marchigian Apennines (Central Italy). The Apennines have traditionally been described as a junction of roads along which all kinds of materials were transported and traded, but little attention has been paid to how mobile local pre- and protohistoric communities were (Neolithic-Metal Ages), to what extent they made use of the different altitude zones, and which raw materials played a role in this. This contribution examines the integration of the high mountains into the land use of early farmers and pastoralists. Climate developments, settlement patterns and the accessibility of natural resources are linked to traditional trans-Apennine (pastoral) routes and vegetation data. A key role in these longterm dynamics is played by the ‘hard cheese revolution’, which is thought to have occurred in the Bronze or Iron Age. This innovation, using salt to preserve cheese, opened up new opportunities both for seasonal high-mountain livestock farming and for the wider distribution of dairy products.
Hellenistische marktgebouwen: een functievraagstuk
This article explores the problems that can arise when investigating the function of a building mainly on the basis of its (reconstructed) architecture. It focuses in particular on a group of buildings from Hellenistic Asia Minor known as market buildings, which have often been associated by scholars in the past with trade and distribution activities. After a general overview of these buildings and their most important characteristics, several ‘functional’ characteristics of these buildings are highlighted, i.e. characteristics that can give insights into the function of these buildings. In this way, the article discusses the possibilities and difficulties in determining what these buildings were used for.
Wijn, winst en waarschijnlijkheid. Het rendement van Columella’s wijngaard
Ancient historians are increasingly aware of the need to estimate various key socio-economic quantities (such as GDP or population) to fully understand ancient societies. The fragmented nature of the ancient source material however leads to many epistemic uncertainties which complicate these quantifications. This article discusses an analytical method – probabilistic modelling – which enables the historian to take account of these uncertainties in a formal manner. As an example, I will set up a probabilistic model for the running yield of a small vineyard in Roman Italy as described in Columella’s agricultural manual. The results illustrate how a probabilistic framework puts quantitative models in ancient history on a more (un)secure footing.
Collectieve arbeid en monumentale architectuur in Romeinse gemeenschappen. Een crossculturele benadering
The concept of labour in the Roman world has been the focus of many studies and polemic debates since the foundation of Classical Archaeology and Ancient History as academic disciplines. Labour in all its physical human manifestations has been studied mainly from a social-economic point of view. However, less attention has been given to the aspect of labour as a collective action that could reinforce cohesion, continuity, and identity. Unfortunately, material and written sources on this subject are scarce. On the other hand, the socio-political and cultural implications of institutionalised collective labour in early civilisations in Mesopotamia, South-East Asia and the pre-Columbian Americas has been given considerable scholarly attention over the past decades by archaeologists and anthropologists alike. In this article I would like to give some, possibly stimulating and useful, thoughts on corvee-labour in the Roman world from a cross-cultural and cognitive-archaeological perspective.
From clay pits to waste dumps: the business with African Red Slip Ware
African Red Slip Ware was produced on a massive scale from the first until the seventh century AD in the provinces of modern-day Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya. Made in Africa but traded to and consumed in the whole Mediterranean basin and regions far beyond, African tableware offers enormous potential for the study of all stages of production, distribution, and consumption. Reconstructing these stages relies on good knowledge of individual production sites, first and foremost by the characteristics of their tableware output, combining typo-chronological, stylistic, macroscopic, and fabric features.
Kale Akte, the fair promontory. Settlement, Trade and Production on the Nebrodi coast of
Sicily, 500 BC-AD 500
Isopoliteia in Hellenistic Times
Digital cities: between history and archaeology
introducties op lopend onderzoek
Salt and power. Early states, Rome and resource control
Early Mycenaean domestic architecture: integrating social and digital archaeology
Arrival of the Attalids. Regional identity and local impact of Pergamon religion politics
The closed sea and the open market: pottery and socioeconomic change in the Late Byzantine/Frankish Aegean (12th-15th centuries AD)
Multiculturality and mortuary practices. Shifting identities in Hellenistic
and Roman Thessaloniki