The rise of the city in Latium, the contribution of Elisabeth van ’t Lindenhout to the debate
This paper is in honour of Elisabeth van ’t Lindenhout, who retired from the University of Groningen in 2021 as lecturer and researcher. It places her academic interest in the architecture and planning of the Archaic cities of Latium Vetus and Rome in the context of her many years of participation in the settlement excavations at Satricum. Specifically, it discusses her contribution to the important theme of the rise of monumental architecture in Latium, a topic to which she contributed her doctoral thesis and several papers in Dutch and international journals. Her academic achievement is assessed more generally within the context of contemporary developments in Latial archaeology.
Tracing Peter Paul Mackey and Thomas Ashby’s footsteps. In search of the lost towns of Latium (Italy)
Rome’s conquest of the Italian peninsula from the fifth century BC onward went hand-in-hand with the abandonment and disappearance of many towns and peoples. Their names are handed down to us by ancient authors such as Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Livy, and Pliny the Elder, as part of their writings on the foundation and subsequent history of Rome, or are incorporated in later Roman names of areas and institutions. Ever since the 15th century, scholars, with very diverse backgrounds, have tried to unravel the enigmatic puzzle of known archaeological remains and names of lost ancient towns. Yet, despite all efforts, only some have been matched with certainty. The location of many historically known towns still remains a subject of discussion.
In this article, I trace the efforts of the search for these lost towns by focussing on two pioneering scholars. The first is Peter Paul Mackey, a Dominican Father with a great interest in archaeological remains – much to the dismay of his brethren – yet without proper training in archaeology or history. The other is Thomas Ashby, seemingly destined to be an archaeologist since his childhood. As I will argue in this article, the enduring value of their work is demonstrated by their observations, rather than their interpretations. Their photographs bridge the past and present by showing us what others saw, what we might see, or what is lost – that is, they tell us more than these scholars originally hoped for.
The Etruscan woman and Romanisation. An onomastic case study
The loss of the female praenomen is typically seen as yet another sign of the ‘Romanisation’ and demise of Late Etruscan culture. This development would have seen the Etruscan woman reduced from a prominent public personality to a role of secondary importance. However, a thorough examination of this onomastic element shows that its gradual disappearance differs greatly by locality in terms of timing and is strongly linked to the process of Latinisation. Three case studies are investigated – Chiusi, Tarquinia, and Volterra – each showing that this onomastic development is connected to shifts in epigraphic paradigms rather than institutional or social changes. While the change in which women were described in funerary contexts may have had real consequences for their social status, there are also reasons to assume an improvement in their position (e.g. a higher percentage of female epitaphs), painting a complex picture.
Satricum and the rise of the urban market in Central Italy, eighth-fifth century BC
Urban societies have public squares that can accommodate larger groups of people on a regular basis for meetings, jurisdiction, festivities and for the exchange of goods and ideas. Such open spaces are known from numerous places such as Athens (Agora), Rome (Forum Romanum) and Groningen (Grote Markt). They frequently develop in the centre of towns near the main sanctuary. The early development of such urban, public, open spaces in Central Italy is poorly understood, even in recent publications on the development of the Roman economy from the eight to fourth centuries BC. The monumental Roman fora are mainly known from later periods. In this paper, I present Satricum as a case study for the rise of such urban, public squares until roughly 500 BC. The final orthogonal layout of the area immediately surrounding the last monumental temple on the Acropolis of this settlement was preceded by centuries of habitation, increasing interregional trade, craft specialisation and the development of city-states. The paper was written as an homage to my fine colleague Elisabeth van ’t Lindenhout, who retired in 2021. It can also be considered as a prelude to the last, main publication on the excavations at Satricum by the Groningen Institute of Archaeology. I hope that we can continue to work on Satricum,
Volume III, together.
Crossing the Alps. Early Urbanism between Northern Italy and Central Europe (900-400 BC)
Greek Epigraphy and Religion. Papers in Memory of Sara B. Aleshire from the Second North American Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy
Foodways in Roman Republican Italy
introducties op lopend onderzoek
Agents of Anchoring. Roman colonies and settlements from the Mithridatic Wars to Augustus in Greece and Asia Minor
On the brink of complexity. Shifting society in Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Latium Vetus
Creating complex sacred spaces. Experience, agency and multivocality in Hellenistic Asklepieia (fourth-first century BC)
From the sea to the steppe. Anchoring global objectscapes in Central Asian mortuary landscapes, second century BCE – second century CE