Beyond iconography. Roman imperial coins as sources for historical processes
Sven Betjes

This article focuses on the processes underlying the production of Roman imperial
coinage. Upon briefly introducing those responsible for the visual language we find on
coins, two further sections shed light on how an emperor’s sudden rise to power and his
mobility could affect this numismatic iconography. First, imperial coins are discussed that
seem to go against the emperor’s wishes. Such examples show that, especially in times
of power transitions, communication between the emperor and his mints was occasionally
unreliable. Second, the focus shifts to the emperor Aemilian, whose short reign in
253 effected a remarkable change in numismatic iconography that may be linked to this
emperor’s travels. Like the section on flawed communications in coin production, this case
study serves to demonstrate that coins at times subtly offer us valuable insights into the
generally obscure production processes of the past.

Roman land division reconsidered. An interdisciplinary analysis of two colonial landscapes
Anouk Vermeulen

Roman land division, also known as centuriation, has long been the subject of
intense debate. Reconstructions of land distribution systems based on the modern landscape
have often been the main focus of recent research, generally without placing these
systems in their socio-economic context or comparing them with, for example, settlement
patterns. Moreover, these reconstructions have invariably relied on a uniform, stereotypical
image of centuriation, consisting of a chessboard pattern of square pieces of land
measuring 20 by 20 actus or 720 by 720 m. This article reconsiders both the colonialist
uniform image of land distribution and the socio-economic impact of the systems through
a combined qualitative and quantitative approach in two case studies: Tarragona/ager
Tarraconensis and Arles/ager Arelatensis. Based on the idea of meaningful proximity and
agency in the choice of location for settlements, a specially developed proximity analysis
is used to contextualise the process of land division itself and its socio-economic impacts.
The case studies reveal a diversity that does not correspond to the uniform picture painted
so far, with the two areas developing in completely different directions: Tarragona specialising
in viticulture, while Arles is characterised by economic diversity. Broader conclusions
that can be drawn from this are the invalidity of the (modern) stereotype, and the
need to re-examine Roman land division in wider socio-economic and political contexts.

Local networks in Greek river valleys. Religious networks in de Alpheios valley (Peloponnese), 800-146 BC
Roy van Wijk

This article demonstrates how a riverine prism offers different insights into the
lived experience of communities in the Alpheios valley in the western Peloponnese. This
analysis includes an Iron Age material koine, a religious network of the fifth century BC,
and the example of Megalopolis’ foundation in 370 BC to highlight the strength of local
religious, economic, and social networks in Archaic and Classical Greece. This forms part
of a wider research project into the resiliency of local networks in three river valleys
across mainland Greece between 800 and 146 BC.

An innovative palace on the Euphrates. The impact of new connections in Late Hellenistic Commagene
Lennart Kruijer

This article discusses cultural transformations in the kingdom of Commagene
(Southeast Turkey) during the second and first centuries BC. On the basis of legacy data
pertaining to excavations of a royal palace in Samosata, a change in local object assemblages
is presented that informs us of innovative changes in the early first century BC,
prior to the famous cultural eclecticism witnessed in king Antiochos I’s tomb-sanctuaries.
Samosata’s cultural transformation is discussed in the context of a broader debate
about change in West Asia and its problematic reliance on the notion of Hellenism. As an
alternative approach, attention is drawn to the complex, multi-scalar relations and capacities
of innovative objects, steering discussion of the impact of new connections in Late-
Hellenistic Commagene beyond Hellenism.


The Archaeology of the Mediterranean Iron Age. A Globalising World c. 1100-600 BCE
Peter Attema

Archaeology, nation, and race confronting the past, decolonizing the future in Greece and Israel
Foteini Tsigoni

Colonial City. Rethinking the Grid
Miko Flohr

introducties op lopend onderzoek

Rituals in Space: reconstructing funerary rituals through gifts and bones
John Turco

Encoffined bodies: on the role of decorated sarcophagi in the funerary customs of Phoenicia during the Roman period
Nicholas Aherne

Dying at the margins of Athens: burial customs, local traditions, and social realities in the Attic deme of Thorikos
Sydney Patterson