De 14C-datering van de Santorini-Thera-eruptie
The abruption of the Santorini-Thera volcano during the Minoan period was a catastrophe for most of the Mediterranean region. Traditionally, the eruption is archaeologically dated to 1500 BC. When 14C dates became available a conflict emerged: they provided a date for the eruption around the middle of the 17th century BC. A debate followed that has now lasted several decennia. This paper is meant to explain the 14C methodology in relation to the date of the eruption. The article also discusses developments in 14C datings, including the unprecedented number of new dates that recently became available. This has led to an improvement of the 2020 calibration curve. The 14C date of the eruption is now established around 1600 BC, which is still a 100 years older than the traditional archaeological date.
Chora and eschatia of the Greek apoika Kroton (South Italy)
This paper discusses the cultural landscape of the Greek apoikia Kroton, located in Calabria, South Italy, from the eighth to the fourth centuries BC. It aims at a data-driven reconstruction of the chora and eschatia of Kroton within the delineated timeframe. For this purpose, site data were recorded in a geodatabase and analysed in a GIS (Geographic Information System). As the landscape is regarded as a cultural construct, the geological and geomorphological qualities of the Krotoniatide, the landscape in which Kroton is situated, were of importance to the analysis as well as Greek practices of landscape organisation and demarcation and interactions between indigenous and (other) Greek communities. Based on the archaeological record, four phases are discernable. They show that the development of the cultural landscape of Kroton was closely intertwined with developments within the polis but also among the indigenous communities of the Krotonaiatide and the other Greek poleis of Magna Graecia.
Niet alles wat blinkt is goud. De Seleucidische koning en zijn goud: weldaad of decadentie?
The ancient sources, Polybius in particular, have associated the reign of Seleucid king Antiochus IV extensively with gold. Remarkably, the ancient historiography appreciates the king’s dealings with the precious metal rather inconsistently. On the one hand, his presentation of gold is praised as an unquestionable illustration of the might and splendour of his empire. On the other hand, he is ridiculed for his lavish behaviour associated with gold and deemed eccentric, exotic and enigmatic. This article aims to analyse these contradictions. By using Polybius’ interpretation of Antiochus’ dealings with gold as a case study, this investigation uses conceptual explanations as a means to interpret Polybius’ account from a Seleucid perspective, whilst simultaneously comparing Polybius’ examples with Roman historical contexts. It argues that Polybius’ judgement stems from a polemic and orientalist point of view, in which Antiochus is portrayed as the other for Polybius’ reader, for whom the Seleucid king thus became the epitome of failed Hellenistic kingship.
Van leersnijders tot legerleiders. Beroepsidentiteit in grafepigrammen uit het Grieks-Romeinse Oosten
Epigrams (short poems) constitute a small percentage of the funerary inscriptions from the Graeco-Roman world. Choosing this literary form for one’s epitaph must have been a conscious choice in a relatively illiterate world. In this article. we first address the presentation of professional identities in the epigrams for individuals that we do not usually come across in other written sources, i.e. traders and craftsmen. We base our discussion on funerary epigrams from the Graeco-Roman East. We show that (1) the habit of erecting funerary epigrams was widespread in space, time, and across the social spectrum and that (2) traders and crafts(wo)men used the funerary epigram as a medium to present oneself in transcending terms, e.g. as famous or ’the best’ in one’s profession, or by alluding to divine or heroic connections.
Collapse and transformation. The Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age in the Aegean
Minoan Crete. An Introduction
A Greek State in Formation: The Origins of Civilization in Mycenaean Pylos
Bathhouses in Iudaea/Syria-Palaestina and Provincia Arabia from Herod the Great to the Umayyads
introducties op lopend onderzoek
De doden dichtbij: grafrituelen in het Romeinse Nabije Oosten
3DWorkSpace – an open science/interactive tool for 3D dataset
Catastrophe or just a drama: dating the Minoan eruption of Thera